09 elokuuta 2021

Ilya Repin at Ateneum

Ilya Repin (1844–1930) exhibition at the Ateneum Art Museum was extensive and magnificent. The exhibition is the first review of Repin's entire career in Finland in the 21st century and features more than 130 paintings and paper-based works from more than sixty years. Included are large-scale iconic paintings such as the Barge Haulers on the Volga and the Religious Procession in Kursk, although I admired more of Repin’s smaller sized works and especially the portraits in which he conjures up the model’s personality and masterfully depicts their expressions.

The Ateneum Repin pages are great. For this post, I gathered information for the photos I took (in italic). The first painting I admired was this small-scale painting below, where the interpretation of light and shadow is dazzling.

Preparing for the examination, 1864

Only 20-year-old Ilya Repin painted brothers Alexander and Alexei Shevtsov of almost his own age,
for whom reading to either does not seem to taste right now. They were the brothers of Repin’s 
future wife, Vera Shevtsova.

Repin’s wife Vera Shevtsova, 1869

Vera Shevtsova (1854–1918) was Repin’s wife from 1872–1884. They had four children: Vera (1872–1948), Nadezhda (1874–1931), Yuri (1877–1954), and Tatiana (1880–1957). Vera was 17 years old and had a good basic education, formally better than Repin himself. However, the marriage gradually became unhappy. In Moscow between 1877 and 1882, Repin became father of three different illegitimate children with family's servants. 

Repin's eldest daughter Vera Repina, 1884 - a charming work in nature!

A delicate painting of Repint's daughter Nadja, 1881.

Vera Repina, 1896

Self-portrait with Natalia Nordman, 1903

Repin entered into a relationship with Natalia Nordmann and built a studio home in Terijoki's Kuokkala, that then belonged to Finland.  The couple settled there permanently in 1903. Terijoki was a popular Finnish summer destination, where artists from various fields enjoyed themselves. Penaty's Wednesday receptions brought Russian emigrants and also Finnish artists familiar to Repin. Natalia died of tuberculosis in 1914, but Repin remained in Kuokkala.

The Bolshevik Revolution closed the Finnish-Russian border in April 1918. Repin remained as emigrant in the Finnish side and established relations with the Finnish art world. He donated works of art to the Ateneum, and in honor of this, a large celebration was held for Repin at the Helsinki Society Hall. In his art, he described his close circle, but also nostalgically sought out his youth in Ukraine as well as his religious experiences. Repin died in 1930, and his grave is in the courtyard of the studio home in Kuokkala (now Repino).

Fieldman (Author Leo Tolstoy plowing), 1887

Leo Tolstoy

Tolstoy was the closest of Russian writers to Repin. They first met in Moscow in 1880 and then, for example, on Tolstoy's estates in Jasnaya Poljana in 1887 and 1891. Repin appreciated Tolstoy's way of life, which emphasized love of neighbor and which should not be undermined by norms set by church, monarch or society. 

Author Leonid Andrejev, 1904

 M. P. Mussorgsky, 1881

Nikolai Murashko, 1882

Ucranian Woman, 1875

Self-portrait, 1887

What Freedom!, 1903

This large painting is a Public Domain image from the web. It amazed with its difference. 
Repin sketched the painting on the shores of the Gulf of Finland in Kuokkala. His contemporaries gave the work symbolic interpretations: the painting was like a praise to youth and students who were ready for great upheavals and changes like natural forces. Repin himself dismissed all the hidden meanings of his painting: “What a supposed metaphor! … That's just a student dancing masurka with a course girl, that's all! ” According to one interpretation, in the painting one could see Repin rejoicing at how Kuokkala's home had become his and Natalia Nordmann's permanent residence at the time.

Safe distances were maintained at the Ateneum and the number of visitors was limited.
Tickets had to be purchased in advance. A wonderful exhibition!

#der natur donnerstag #garden affair #gartenglück #image-in-ing #makrotex 
#my corner of the world #tuesdays treasures #t in die neue woche #wednesday around the world

20 kommenttia:

  1. Thanks for sharing and for all the info.
    Have a nice week ahead!

  2. ...What Freedom is my favorite.

  3. Ich mag das Bild von Mussorksky sehr, er gehört zu meinem Lieblingskomponisten, denn ich mag seine "Bilder einer Ausstellung" sehr. Diese Musik ist so genial, aber auch seine Oper Boris mag ich ganz besonders, oder eine Nacht auf dem kahlen Berge.
    Man muß sich in die Musik auch reinhören.

    Sicherlich eine interessante Ausstellung, die mir auch gefallen hätte.

    Ganz liebe Grüße und eine gute Nacht Eva

  4. I love the one of Vera in 1884 (such character) and the one in thewater - joyous and exhuberant. I had to check the gallery but we didn't make it to that one. Fingers crossed there's a next time!

  5. You know what...Vera Shevtsova reminds me on the first pitures a bit of Greta ;-) I believe you that the exhibition was interesting. Thanks for sharing.

    Greetings and hugs


  6. Thank you very much for showing the wonderful exhibition extensively ... I liked it very much.
    Amazing pictures.
    Many Thanks. Greetings to you from Viola

  7. Beautiful portraits. Interesting exhibits. Have a great week.

  8. I didn't know that painter. like what I see.

  9. What beautiful works. I must admit I was not familiar with the name Repin. He was quite a naughty boy wasn't he? ;-) 'Dancing masurka' is a stunning piece!

  10. Perhaps the beauty of paintings is that we often interpret them to fit our emotions at the time of viewing. They become personal to us. Beautiful exhibit.

  11. Upeaa kuvataidetta. Mutta ennen kaikkea; osanottoni Sissin puolesta.

  12. Das ist ja sehr interessant. Danke für die ausführliche Beschreibung. Die Ausstellung hätte ich auch gerne besucht.

  13. Wonderful portraits!

  14. Some of the expressions on the faces - especially the women - seem peculiar. Very little in the way of happy expressions for people of either sex!
    Thank you for sharing at https://image-in-ing.blogspot.com/2021/08/some-gentle-wisdom.html

  15. Me parece una bonita exposición. Besos.

  16. You are so fortunate to have this beautiful gallery -- thank you for sharing this exhibition of an artist completely new to me. I enjoyed every bit of it (you are an excellent docent!). I think my favorite would have to be the one of his daughter so happy enjoying herself as she sits on the tree limb-- I want to hope for her a happy life where she could continue to be happy and free to enjoy life in her own way!)

  17. Another wonderful artist that you introduce us to today! The work is so awesomely detailed.

    Thanks for sharing your link at My Corner of the World this week!


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